One of my favorite things to do with my walking foot is to apply the binding to my quilts completely by machine. By now you should know how much I dislike hand sewing. It just takes me forever, and there is just so much binding on a large quilt. I once hand sewed the binding on a queen size double wedding ring quilt and it took me 3 months to finish! I’m not going there again! (Unless it’s for a major quilt show.)
1) Figure out how much binding you need to make: length x2 plus width x2 plus at least 12” to 16”
now take that total and divide by 42” (width of fabric- WOF) to figure out how many strips of fabric you will need to cut out.
i.e a 36x42 baby quilt
36x2 plus 42x2 plus 16 = 172”
172/42 = 4.09 so I would need at least 4 and a quarter strips (I would just plan on rounding up and cutting 5 strips)
I like a thin binding so I cut my strips at 2.5” (This tutorial can be adapted to wider bindings, but all the steps show 2.5” binding)
To figure out how many inches of fabric you will need to buy take the number of strips you need x the width of your cut binding.
5 x 2.5 = 12.5”
remember to add a little so that you can square up the fabric before cutting out the binding strips.
2) Cut out your binding strips along the WOF. We are going to join them with a mitered (diagonal) seam. I love this method because it gives the appearance of a bias binding and also reduces bulk at the seams.
To do this place 2 strips of fabric as shown in the illustration. Don’t forget to trim your selvedge edges first. Make sure that right sides are facing each other. Using a quilting ruler and a pencil mark that 45° sewing line. Pin the 2 fabrics together and sew on your marked line. You can back stitch if you like but I usually just shorten my stitch length a little bit. Press the seam to one side (pick a side any side) and trim the little triangle leaving a 1/4” seam allowance. Repeat for each of the strips. If you choose to mark and pin all of your strips at once be careful when using solid fabric for your binding because it is very easy to confuse the “right” and “wrong” sides.
3) Once you have all your strips sewn into one long strip, you are going to fold it in half lengthwise with wrong sides facing and iron it flat. It should end up looking like the very first picture in this post.
Finger press (hard) so that you will be able to see your fold lines when you open up the binding. You only need to do this for about 1-2” at the end of your binding.
5) No open up your binding and take it over to your machine. If you want, you can mark the fold line closest to the raw edges with a pen. It’s going to end up on the inside so you won't see it when you are done. Adjust your needle position so that your binding is aligned with the edge of your foot and the needle is right on the fold line.
If your machine does not have an adjustable needle position, line up the needle with the fold line. You can then set up a strip of painter’s tape just to the right of your raw edges for a visual seam guide. With 2.5” binding the distance from your raw edges to the fold line is about 3/8”
6) Pin your binding to the back of your quilt aligning the raw edge of the quilt with the raw edges of your binding. You only need to pin enough to get you started. If you pin the binding to the whole quilt you will find that you need to re-adjust often because the binding has a tendency to stretch out as you are sewing. I also like to start pinning so that my binding travels in a clock wise direction around the quilt so that the bulk of the quilt is on the table rather than in the throat of the sewing machine. Make sure you leave a 10-12” tail of binding unsewn at the beginning. You will also want to make sure you don’t start right next to a corner. I like to start at least 8-10” away from the bottom right corner. Don’t forget to backstitch at your starting point.
7) Continue sewing until you are nearing a corner. You will want to know the distance between your raw edges and your fold line for this step. When you reach the corner you will stop 3/8” away from the edge of the quilt (or whatever distance you came up with in step 5 if you are using binding other than 2.5” wide.) Then sew towards the corner of your quilt at a 45° angle. Backstitch right before the edge of the quilt.
You can mark right on the binding if you like, it will be on the inside so it won’t show up when you are done. However because of shifting, don’t make your mark until you are only a few inches (2-3”) from the corner. It should look like this when you are done:
8) Now fold your binding straight up
then straight down making sure to align the new fold in your binding with the raw edges of the quilt.
10) Continue in this manner until you round your last corner. When you are back to the side that you started at stop and back stitch 10-12” from where you started. Do not trim off any extra binding at this point! That 12” gap In the binding will help you finish it off nicely. The bigger the gap the easier it will be to maneuver the binding in the next few steps.
Come back tomorrow for the exciting conclusion in Part Two!